raw material optimization

Our multilevel optimization algorithms help to reduce the input material costs considerably by finding intelligent material combinations.

Multilevel Optimizer

Costs savings

In steelmaking, the raw material costs can be as high as 80 % of the overall production costs, depending on the steel grade type and alloy content. Our raw material mix optimization algorithm can help find material mixes that allow for the maximum reuse of the alloy content of raw materials with the minimum cost.

Intelligent algorithms not only consider the amount of valuable alloying elements in raw materials, but also account for metallurgical processes and effects on these alloying elements. By using an unprecedented multilevel optimization algorithm, we can make proposals for optimized material mixes that reduce our customer’s input material cost by up to 35 %.

How it works

At its core, our material mix optimization algorithm (MMOA) is just plain mathematics. However, by combining it with an in-depth understanding of metallurgical reactions and processes, we have augmented this algorithm to present an intelligent, multi-level optimization for the melting and refining phases of liquid steelmaking.

The considered metallurgical parameters are:

  • Material mass, material efficiency and material bulk density
  • Material availability and mass constraints
  • Chemical mix analysis of each material
  • Chemical and process efficiency of each element
  • Oxidation and reduction reactions between metal phase and slag phase including slag efficiency
  • Target volumes or mass and respective constraints
  • Under development: temperature-dependency of oxidation and reduction reactions

Where to apply it

The simplest application of the MMOA is to optimize the input materials in the first production step (EAF, BOF or induction furnaces), which is a piece of cake for us.


However, we have also mastered more complex problems, which often exist in the production of special steels. A complex multilevel problem involving not only the first production step but also high material additions in the secondary metallurgy are MMOA’s specialty. Features include considering the contents of alloy-rich slags and reducing these slags to decrease additional material input.

When to contact us

MMOA is useful at different implementation levels. Here are some application examples for reference:

  • Consulting study including an analysis of current material mix to show savings potentials for selected steel grades
  • Dedicated web-based app for process engineers with customer-specific database
  • Online integration with customer’s material stock management system
  • Online integration with production system for live calculation of best material input or for production campaign

Let’s start optimizing your raw material input.